Secretary Perdue Statement on USMCA Signing
(Washington, D.C., January 29, 2020) – U.S. Secretary
of Agriculture Sonny Perdue issued the following statement after President
Donald J. Trump signed the U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA).
“Today is a good day for American agriculture. Throughout this
process, there were many detractors who said it couldn’t be done. But this is
further proof that President Trump’s trade negotiation strategy is working.
This agreement shows the rest of the world the United States is open for
business. USMCA is critical for America’s farmers and ranchers, who will now
have even more market access to our neighbors to the north and the south. I am
excited to see the economic benefits of this agreement increase the prosperity
of all Americans, especially those living in rural America,” said Secretary
USMCA will advance United States agricultural interests in two of the most important markets for American farmers, ranchers, and agribusinesses. This high-standard agreement builds upon our existing markets to expand United States food and agricultural exports and support food processing and rural jobs.
Canada and Mexico are our first and second largest export markets
for United States food and agricultural products, totaling more than $39.7
billion food and agricultural exports in 2018. These exports support more than
325,000 American jobs.
All food and agricultural products that have zero tariffs under
the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) will remain at zero tariffs.
Since the original NAFTA did not eliminate all tariffs on agricultural trade
between the United States and Canada, the USMCA will create new market access
opportunities for United States exports to Canada of dairy, poultry, and eggs,
and in exchange the United States will provide new access to Canada for some
dairy, peanut, and a limited amount of sugar and sugar-containing products.
Earlier this year, nearly 1,000 American
food and agriculture associations and companies announced their
support for USMCA and the National Association of State Departments of
Agriculture signed a letter
to Congressional leadership urging them to ratify USMCA.
In September, all former U.S. Secretaries of Agriculture since
President Reagan’s Administration announced support for USMCA. In a letter to
Congressional leaders, former Secretaries John Block (Reagan), Mike
Espy (Clinton), Dan Glickman (Clinton), Ann Veneman (W. Bush), Mike Johanns (W.
Bush), Ed Shafer (W. Bush), and Tom Vilsack (Obama) underscored the importance
of passing USMCA saying, “We need a strong and reliable trade deal with our top
two customers for U.S. agriculture products. USMCA will provide certainty in
the North American market for the U.S. farm sector and rural economy. We
strongly support ratification of USMCA.”
Key Provision: Increasing Dairy Market Access
· America’s dairy farmers will have expanded market opportunities in Canada for a wide variety of dairy products. Canada agreed to eliminate the unfair Class 6 and 7 milk pricing programs that allowed their farmers to undersell U.S. producers.
Key Provision: Biotechnology
· For the first time, the agreement specifically addresses agricultural biotechnology – including new technologies such as gene editing – to support innovation and reduce trade-distorting policies.
Key Provision: Geographical Indications
· The agreement institutes a more rigorous process for establishing geographical indicators and lays out additional factors to be considered in determining whether a term is a common name.
Key Provision: Sanitary/Phytosanitary Measures
· The three countries agree to strengthen disciplines for science-based measures that protect human, animal, and plant health while improving the flow of trade.
Key Provision: Poultry and Eggs
· U.S. poultry producers will have expanded access to Canada for chicken, turkey, and eggs.
Key Provision: Wheat
· Canada agrees to terminate its discriminatory wheat grading system, enabling U.S. growers to be more competitive.
Key Provision: Wine and Spirits
· The three countries agree to avoid technical barriers to trade through non-discrimination and transparency regarding sale, distribution, labeling, and certification of wine and distilled spirits.